HTML Escape Characters: Complete List of HTML Entities

Complete list of HTML entities

In HTML, XHTML, or XML, you can use a character escape to represent any Unicode character using only ASCII letters. Character escapes used in markup include numeric character references (NCRs) and named character references. 

A numeric character reference in hexadecimal format. The hex number is case-insensitive, and all numeric character references begin with &# and conclude with ;.

Cases when escapes are useful 

Escapes are very useful for representing characters that are not apparent or are ambiguous. 

Numeric or named character references, as well as CSS escapes, can be used to represent characters in HTML style attribute. The style element HTML can not contain numeric or named character references. The same goes for an external style sheet. 

Cases when escapes should not be used

You should always try to employ an encoding allowing you to represent characters in their natural form. 

If the entities are defined outside of your document and the tools processing the XML do not access the external files, using named characters may become troublesome. Characters will not be used to substitute entity references in such circumstances.

Consequently, if you need to employ escapes, it’s safer to use numeric character references. 

HTML Escape Characters

In the table below you can find the complete list of the most useful HTML escape characters. Let us know if you use something we didn’t cover so we can update our list.

NumberSymbolEntity NameCodeDescription
9Tab		Tab
10New Line

New Line
32Space  Space
33!!Exclamation mark
34""Quotation mark
35##Number sign
36$$Dollar sign
37%%Percent sign
38&&&Ampersand
39'Apostrophe
40((Opening/Left Parenthesis
41))Closing/Right Parenthesis
42**Asterisk
43++Plus sign
44,,Comma
45-Hyphen
46..Period
47//Slash
4800Digit 0
4911Digit 1
5022Digit 2
5133Digit 3
5244Digit 4
5355Digit 5
5466Digit 6
5577Digit 7
5688Digit 8
5799Digit 9
58::Colon
59;&#59;Semicolon
60<&lt;&#60;Less-than
61=&#61;Equals sign
62>&gt;&#62;Greater than
63?&#63;Question mark
64@&#64;At sign
65A&#65;Uppercase A
66B&#66;Uppercase B
67C&#67;Uppercase C
68D&#68;Uppercase D
69E&#69;Uppercase E
70F&#70;Uppercase F
71G&#71;Uppercase G
72H&#72;Uppercase H
73I&#73;Uppercase I
74J&#74;Uppercase J
75K&#75;Uppercase K
76L&#76;Uppercase L
77M&#77;Uppercase M
78N&#78;Uppercase N
79O&#79;Uppercase O
80P&#80;Uppercase P
81Q&#81;Uppercase Q
82R&#82;Uppercase R
83S&#83;Uppercase S
84T&#84;Uppercase T
85U&#85;Uppercase U
86V&#86;Uppercase V
87W&#87;Uppercase W
88X&#88;Uppercase X
89Y&#89;Uppercase Y
90Z&#90;Uppercase Z
91[&#91;Opening/Left square bracket
92\&#92;Backslash
93]&#93;Closing/Right square bracket
94^&#94;Caret
95_&#95;Underscore
96`&#96;Grave accent
97a&#97;Lowercase a
98b&#98;Lowercase b
99c&#99;Lowercase c
100d&#100;Lowercase d
101e&#101;Lowercase e
102f&#102;Lowercase f
103g&#103;Lowercase g
104h&#104;Lowercase h
105i&#105;Lowercase i
106j&#106;Lowercase j
107k&#107;Lowercase k
108l&#108;Lowercase l
109m&#109;Lowercase m
110n&#110;Lowercase n
111o&#111;Lowercase o
112p&#112;Lowercase p
113q&#113;Lowercase q
114r&#114;Lowercase r
115s&#115;Lowercase s
116t&#116;Lowercase t
117u&#117;Lowercase u
118v&#118;Lowercase v
119w&#119;Lowercase w
120x&#120;Lowercase x
121y&#121;Lowercase y
122z&#122;Lowercase z
123{&#123;Opening/Left curly brace
124|&#124;Vertical bar
125}&#125;Closing/Right curly brace
126~&#126;Tilde
128&#128;Euro sign
130&#130;Punctuation mark
131ƒ&#131;Florin sign
132&#132;Quotation mark
133&#133;Horizontal ellipsis
134&#134;Dagger
135&#135;Double dagger
136ˆ&#136;Circumflex
137&#137;Per-mille
138Š&#138;Latin capital letter s with caron
139&#139;Single left angle quotation
140Œ&#140;Uppercase ligature OE
142Ž&#142;Latin capital letter z with caron
145&#145;Opening single quotation mark
146&#146;Closing single quotation mark
147&#147;Opening double quotation mark
148&#148;Closing double quotation mark
149&#149;Bullet
150&#150;En dash
151&#151;Em dash
152˜&#152;Tilde
153&#153;Trademark
154š&#154;Latin small letter s with caron
155&#155;Single right angle quotation
156œ&#156;Lowercase ligature OE
158ž&#158;Latin small letter z with caron
159Ÿ&#159;Latin capital letter y with diaeresis
160Non-breaking space&nbsp;&#160;Non-breaking space
161¡&iexcl;&#161;Inverted exclamation mark
162¢&cent;&#162;Cent
163£&pound;&#163;Pound
164¤&curren;&#164;Currency
165¥&yen;&#165;Yen
166¦&brvbar;&#166;Broken vertical bar
167§&sect;&#167;Section
168¨&uml;&#168;Spacing diaeresis
169©&copy;&#169;Copyright
170ª&ordf;&#170;Feminine ordinal indicator
171«&laquo;&#171;Opening/Left angle quotation mark
172¬&not;&#172;Negation
173­Soft hyphen&shy;&#173;Soft hyphen
174®&reg;&#174;Registered trademark
175¯&macr;&#175;Spacing macron
176°&deg;&#176;Degree
177±&plusmn;&#177;Plus or minus
178²&sup2;&#178;Superscript 2
179³&sup3;&#179;Superscript 3
180´&acute;&#180;Spacing acute
181µ&micro;&#181;Micro
182&para;&#182;Paragraph
182·&dot;&#183;Dot
184¸&cedil;&#184;Spacing cedilla
185¹&sup1;&#185;Superscript 1
186º&ordm;&#186;Masculine ordinal indicator
187»&raquo;&#187;Closing/Right angle quotation mark
188¼&frac14;&#188;Fraction 1/4
189½&frac12;&#189;Fraction 1/2
190¾&frac34;&#190;Fraction 3/4
191¿&iquest;&#191;Inverted question mark
192À&Agrave;&#192;Capital a with grave accent
193Á&Aacute;&#193;Capital a with acute accent
194Â&Acirc;&#194;Capital a with circumflex accent
195Ã&Atilde;&#195;Capital a with tilde
196Ä&Auml;&#196;Capital a with umlaut
197Å&Aring;&#197;Capital a with ring
198Æ&AElig;&#198;Capital ae
199Ç&Ccedil;&#199;Capital c with cedilla
200È&Egrave;&#200;Capital e with grave accent
201É&Eacute;&#201;Capital e with acute accent
202Ê&Ecirc;&#202;Capital e with circumflex accent
203Ë&Euml;&#203;Capital e with umlaut
204Ì&Igrave;&#204;Capital i with grave accent
205Í&Iacute;&#205;Capital i with accute accent
206Î&Icirc;&#206;Capital i with circumflex accent
207Ï&Iuml;&#207;Capital i with umlaut
208Ð&ETH;&#208;Capital eth (Icelandic)
209Ñ&Ntilde;&#209;Capital n with tilde
210Ò&Ograve;&#210;Capital o with grave accent
211Ó&Oacute;&#211;Capital o with accute accent
212Ô&Ocirc;&#212;Capital o with circumflex accent
213Õ&Otilde;&#213;Capital o with tilde
214Ö&Ouml;&#214;Capital o with umlaut
215×&times;&#215;Multiplication
216Ø&Oslash;&#216;Capital o with slash
217Ù&Ugrave;&#217;Capital u with grave accent
218Ú&Uacute;&#218;Capital u with acute accent
219Û&Ucirc;&#219;Capital u with circumflex accent
220Ü&Uuml;&#220;Capital u with umlaut
221Ý&Yacute;&#221;Capital y with acute accent
222Þ&THORN;&#222;Capital thorn (Icelandic)
223ß&szlig;&#223;Lowercase sharp s (German)
224à&agrave;&#224;Lowercase a with grave accent
225á&aacute;&#225;Lowercase a with acute accent
226â&acirc;&#226;Lowercase a with circumflex accent
227ã&atilde;&#227;Lowercase a with tilde
228ä&auml;&#228;Lowercase a with umlaut
229å&aring;&#229;Lowercase a with ring
230æ&aelig;&#230;Lowercase ae
231ç&ccedil;&#231;Lowercase c with cedilla
232è&egrave;&#232;Lowercase e with grave accent
233é&eacute;&#233;Lowercase e with acute accent
234ê&ecirc;&#234;Lowercase e with circumflex accent
235ë&euml;&#235;Lowercase e with umlaut
236ì&igrave;&#236;Lowercase i with grave accent
237í&iacute;&#237;Lowercase i with acute accent
238î&icirc;&#238;Lowercase i with circumflex accent
239ï&iuml;&#239;Lowercase i with umlaut
240ð&eth;&#240;Lowercase eth (Icelandic)
241ñ&ntilde;&#241;Lowercase n with tilde
242ò&ograve;&#242;Lowercase o with grave accent
243ó&oacute;&#243;Lowercase o with acute accent
244ô&ocirc;&#244;Lowercase o with circumflex accent
245õ&otilde;&#245;Lowercase o with tilde
246ö&ouml;&#246;Lowercase o with umlaut
247÷&divide;&#247;Divide
248ø&oslash;&#248;Lowercase o with slash
249ù&ugrave;&#249;Lowercase u with grave accent
250ú&uacute;&#250;Lowercase u with acute accent
251û&ucirc;&#251;Lowercase u with circumflex accent
252ü&uuml;&#252;Lowercase u with umlaut
253ý&yacute;&#253;Lowercase y with acute accent
254þ&thorn;&#254;Lowercase thorn (Icelandic)
255ÿ&yuml;&#255;Lowercase y with umlaut
256Ā&Amacr;&#256;Latin capital letter a with macron
257ā&amacr;&#257;Latin small letter a with macron
258Ă&Abreve;&#258;Latin capital letter a with breve
259ă&abreve;&#259;Latin small letter a with breve
260Ą&Aogon;&#260;Latin capital letter a with ogonek
261ą&aogon;&#261;Latin small letter a with ogonek
262Ć&Cacute;&#262;Latin capital letter c with acute
263ć&cacute;&#263;Latin small letter c with acute
264Ĉ&Ccirc;&#264;Latin capital letter c with circumflex
265ĉ&ccirc;&#265;Latin small letter c with circumflex
266Ċ&Cdot;&#266;Latin capital letter c with dot above
267ċ&cdot;&#267;Latin small letter c with dot above
268Č&Ccaron;&#268;Latin capital letter c with caron
269č&ccaron;&#269;Latin small letter c with caron
270Ď&Dcaron;&#270;Latin capital letter d with caron
271ď&dcaron;&#271;Latin small letter d with caron
272Đ&Dstrok;&#272;Latin capital letter d with stroke
273đ&dstrok;&#273;Latin small letter d with stroke
274Ē&Emacr;&#274;Latin capital letter e with macron
275ē&emacr;&#275;Latin small letter e with macron
276Ĕ&Ebreve;&#276;Latin capital letter e with breve
277ĕ&ebreve;&#277;Latin small letter e with breve
278Ė&Edot;&#278;Latin capital letter e with dot above
279ė&edot;&#279;Latin small letter e with dot above
280Ę&Eogon;&#280;Latin capital letter e with ogonek
281ę&eogon;&#281;Latin small letter e with ogonek
282Ě&Ecaron;&#282;Latin capital letter e with caron
283ě&ecaron;&#283;Latin small letter e with caron
284Ĝ&Gcirc;&#284;Latin capital letter g with circumflex
285ĝ&gcirc;&#285;Latin small letter g with circumflex
286Ğ&Gbreve;&#286;Latin capital letter g with breve
287ğ&gbreve;&#287;Latin small letter g with breve
288Ġ&Gdot;&#288;Latin capital letter g with dot above
289ġ&gdot;&#289;Latin small letter g with dot above
290Ģ&Gcedil;&#290;Latin capital letter g with cedilla
291ģ&gcedil;&#291;Latin small letter g with cedilla
292Ĥ&Hcirc;&#292;Latin capital letter h with circumflex
293ĥ&hcirc;&#293;Latin small letter h with circumflex
294Ħ&Hstrok;&#294;Latin capital letter h with stroke
295ħ&hstrok;&#295;Latin small letter h with stroke
296Ĩ&Itilde;&#296;Latin capital letter I with tilde
297ĩ&itilde;&#297;Latin small letter I with tilde
298Ī&Imacr;&#298;Latin capital letter I with macron
299ī&imacr;&#299;Latin small letter I with macron
300Ĭ&Ibreve;&#300;Latin capital letter I with breve
301ĭ&ibreve;&#301;Latin small letter I with breve
302Į&Iogon;&#302;Latin capital letter I with ogonek
303į&iogon;&#303;Latin small letter I with ogonek
304İ&Idot;&#304;Latin capital letter I with dot above
305ı&imath; &inodot;&#305;Latin small letter dotless I
306IJ&IJlig;&#306;Latin capital ligature ij
307ij&ijlig;&#307;Latin small ligature ij
308Ĵ&Jcirc;&#308;Latin capital letter j with circumflex
309ĵ&jcirc;&#309;Latin small letter j with circumflex
310Ķ&Kcedil;&#310;Latin capital letter k with cedilla
311ķ&kcedil;&#311;Latin small letter k with cedilla
312ĸ&kgreen;&#312;Latin small letter kra
313Ĺ&Lacute;&#313;Latin capital letter l with acute
314ĺ&lacute;&#314;Latin small letter l with acute
315Ļ&Lcedil;&#315;Latin capital letter l with cedilla
316ļ&lcedil;&#316;Latin small letter l with cedilla
317Ľ&Lcaron;&#317;Latin capital letter l with caron
318ľ&lcaron;&#318;Latin small letter l with caron
319Ŀ&Lmidot;&#319;Latin capital letter l with middle dot
320ŀ&lmidot;&#320;Latin small letter l with middle dot
321Ł&Lstrok;&#321;Latin capital letter l with stroke
322ł&lstrok;&#322;Latin small letter l with stroke
323Ń&Nacute;&#323;Latin capital letter n with acute
324ń&nacute;&#324;Latin small letter n with acute
325Ņ&Ncedil;&#325;Latin capital letter n with cedilla
326ņ&ncedil;&#326;Latin small letter n with cedilla
327Ň&Ncaron;&#327;Latin capital letter n with caron
328ň&ncaron;&#328;Latin small letter n with caron
329ʼn&napos;&#329;Latin small letter n preceded by apostrophe
330Ŋ&ENG;&#330;Latin capital letter eng
331ŋ&eng;&#331;Latin small letter eng
332Ō&Omacr;&#332;Latin capital letter o with macron
333ō&omacr;&#333;Latin small letter o with macron
334Ŏ&Obreve;&#334;Latin capital letter o with breve
335ŏ&obreve;&#335;Latin small letter o with breve
336Ő&Odblac;&#336;Latin capital letter o with double acute
337ő&odblac;&#337;Latin small letter o with double acute
338Œ&OElig;&#338;Uppercase ligature OE
339œ&oelig;&#339;Lowercase ligature OE
340Ŕ&Racute;&#340;Latin capital letter r with acute
341ŕ&racute;&#341;Latin small letter r with acute
342Ŗ&Rcedil;&#342;Latin capital letter r with cedilla
343ŗ&rcedil;&#343;Latin small letter r with cedilla
344Ř&Rcaron;&#344;Latin capital letter r with caron
345ř&rcaron;&#345;Latin small letter r with caron
346Ś&Sacute;&#346;Latin capital letter s with acute
347ś&sacute;&#347;Latin small letter s with acute
348Ŝ&Scirc;&#348;Latin capital letter s with circumflex
349ŝ&scirc;&#349;Latin small letter s with circumflex
350Ş&Scedil;&#350;Latin capital letter s with cedilla
351ş&scedil;&#351;Latin small letter s with cedilla
352Š&Scaron;&#352;Uppercase S with caron
353š&scaron;&#353;Lowercase S with caron
354Ţ&Tcedil;&#354;Latin capital letter t with cedilla
355ţ&tcedil;&#355;Latin small letter t with cedilla
356Ť&Tcaron;&#356;Latin capital letter t with caron
357ť&tcaron;&#357;Latin small letter t with caron
358Ŧ&Tstrok;&#358;Latin capital letter t with stroke
359ŧ&tstrok;&#359;Latin small letter t with stroke
360Ũ&Utilde;&#360;Latin capital letter u with tilde
361ũ&utilde;&#361;Latin small letter u with tilde
362Ū&Umacr;&#362;Latin capital letter u with macron
363ū&umacr;&#363;Latin small letter u with macron
364Ŭ&Ubreve;&#364;Latin capital letter u with breve
365ŭ&ubreve;&#365;Latin small letter u with breve
366Ů&Uring;&#366;Latin capital letter u with ring above
367ů&uring;&#367;Latin small letter u with ring above
368Ű&Udblac;&#368;Latin capital letter u with double acute
369ű&udblac;&#369;Latin small letter u with double acute
370Ų&Uogon;&#370;Latin capital letter u with ogonek
371ų&uogon;&#371;Latin small letter u with ogonek
372Ŵ&Wcirc;&#372;Latin capital letter w with circumflex
373ŵ&wcirc;&#373;Latin small letter w with circumflex
374Ŷ&Ycirc;&#374;Latin capital letter y with circumflex
375ŷ&ycirc;&#375;Latin small letter y with circumflex
376Ÿ&Yuml;&#376;Capital Y with diaeres
402ƒ&fnof;&#402;Lowercase with hook
710ˆ&circ;&#710;Circumflex accent
732˜&tilde;&#732;Tilde
913Α&Alpha;&#913;Alpha
914Β&Beta;&#914;Beta
915Γ&Gamma;&#915;Gamma
916Δ&Delta;&#916;Delta
917Ε&Epsilon;&#917;Epsilon
918Ζ&Zeta;&#918;Zeta
919Η&Eta;&#919;Eta
920Θ&Theta;&#920;Theta
921Ι&Iota;&#921;Iota
922Κ&Kappa;&#922;Kappa
923Λ&Lambda;&#923;Lambda
924Μ&Mu;&#924;Mu
925Ν&Nu;&#925;Nu
926Ξ&Xi;&#926;Xi
927Ο&Omicron;&#927;Omicron
928Π&Pi;&#928;Pi
929Ρ&Rho;&#929;Rho
931Σ&Sigma;&#931;Sigma
932Τ&Tau;&#932;Tau
933Υ&Upsilon;&#933;Upsilon
934Φ&Phi;&#934;Phi
935Χ&Chi;&#935;Chi
936Ψ&Psi;&#936;Psi
937Ω&Omega;&#937;Omega
945α&alpha;&#945;alpha
946β&beta;&#946;beta
947γ&gamma;&#947;gamma
948δ&delta;&#948;delta
949ε&epsilon;&#949;epsilon
950ζ&zeta;&#950;zeta
951η&eta;&#951;eta
952θ&theta;&#952;theta
953ι&iota;&#953;iota
954κ&kappa;&#954;kappa
955λ&lambda;&#955;lambda
956μ&mu;&#956;mu
957ν&nu;&#957;nu
958ξ&xi;&#958;xi
959ο&omicron;&#959;omicron
960π&pi;&#960;pi
961ρ&rho;&#961;rho
962ς&sigmaf;&#962;sigmaf
963σ&sigma;&#963;sigma
964τ&tau;&#964;tau
965υ&upsilon;&#965;upsilon
966φ&phi;&#966;phi
967χ&chi;&#967;chi
968ψ&psi;&#968;psi
969ω&omega;&#969;omega
977ϑ&thetasym;&#977;Theta symbol
978ϒ&upsih;&#978;Upsilon symbol
982ϖ&piv;&#982;Pi symbol
8194En space&ensp;&#8194;En space
8195Em space&emsp;&#8195;Em space
8201Thin space&thinsp;&#8201;Thin space
8204Zero width non-joiner&zwnj;&#8204;Zero width non-joiner
8205Zero width joiner&zwj;&#8205;Zero width joiner
8206Left-to-right mark&lrm;&#8206;Left-to-right mark
8207Right-to-left mark&rlm;&#8207;Right-to-left mark
8211&ndash;&#8211;En dash
8212&mdash;&#8212;Em dash
8216&lsquo;&#8216;Left single quotation mark
8217&rsquo;&#8217;Right single quotation mark
8218&sbquo;&#8218;Single low-9 quotation mark
8220&ldquo;&#8220;Left double quotation mark
8221&rdquo;&#8221;Right double quotation mark
8222&bdquo;&#8222;Double low-9 quotation mark
8224&dagger;&#8224;Dagger
8225&Dagger;&#8225;Double dagger
8226&bull;&#8226;Bullet
8230&hellip;&#8230;Horizontal ellipsis
8240&permil;&#8240;Per mille
8242&prime;&#8242;Minutes (Degrees)
8243&Prime;&#8243;Seconds (Degrees)
8249&lsaquo;&#8249;Single left angle quotation
8250&rsaquo;&#8250;Single right angle quotation
8254&oline;&#8254;Overline
8364&euro;&#8364;Euro
8482&trade;&#8482;Trademark
8592&larr;&#8592;Left arrow
8593&uarr;&#8593;Up arrow
8594&rarr;&#8594;Right arrow
8595&darr;&#8595;Down arrow
8596&harr;&#8596;Left right arrow
8629&crarr;&#8629;Carriage return arrow
8704&forall;&#8704;For all
8706&part;&#8706;Part
8707&exist;&#8707;Exist
8709&empty;&#8709;Empty
8711&nabla;&#8711;Nabla
8712&isin;&#8712;Is in
8713&notin;&#8713;Not in
8715&ni;&#8715;Ni
8719&prod;&#8719;Product
8721&sum;&#8721;Sum
8722&minus;&#8722;Minus
8727&lowast;&#8727;Asterisk (Lowast)
8730&radic;&#8730;Square root
8733&prop;&#8733;Proportional to
8734&infin;&#8734;Infinity
8736&ang;&#8736;Angle
8743&and;&#8743;And
8744&or;&#8744;Or
8745&cap;&#8745;Cap
8746&cup;&#8746;Cup
8747&int;&#8747;Integral
8756&there4;&#8756;Therefore
8764&sim;&#8764;Similar to
8773&cong;&#8773;Congurent to
8776&asymp;&#8776;Almost equal
8800&ne;&#8800;Not equal
8801&equiv;&#8801;Equivalent
8804&le;&#8804;Less or equal
8805&ge;&#8805;Greater or equal
8834&sub;&#8834;Subset of
8835&sup;&#8835;Superset of
8836&nsub;&#8836;Not subset of
8838&sube;&#8838;Subset or equal
8839&supe;&#8839;Superset or equal
8853&oplus;&#8853;Circled plus
8855&otimes;&#8855;Circled times
8869&perp;&#8869;Perpendicular
8901&sdot;&#8901;Dot operator
8968&lceil;&#8968;Left ceiling
8969&rceil;&#8969;Right ceiling
8970&lfloor;&#8970;Left floor
8971&rfloor;&#8971;Right floor
9674&loz;&#9674;Lozenge
9824&spades;&#9824;Spade
9827&clubs;&#9827;Club
9829&hearts;&#9829;Heart
9830&diams;&#9830;Diamond

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